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Watchdog on Linux/Ubuntu


Watchdog timers are commonly found in embedded systems and other computer-controlled equipment where humans cannot easily access the equipment or would be unable to react to faults in a timely manner. In such systems, the computer cannot depend on a human to reboot it if it hangs; it must be self-reliant.

Odroid C1/C1+ support watchdog driver aml_wdt to control the PMU.

Test Watchdog module

Watchdog driver aml_wdt is configurable for Odroid C1/C1+.

You should be able to see /dev/watchdog and /dev/watchdog0 device files being created.

odroid@odroid:~$ ls -la /dev/watchdog*
crw------- 1 root root  10, 130 Oct 30 17:28 /dev/watchdog
crw------- 1 root root 250,   0 Oct 30 17:28 /dev/watchdog0

Watchdog daemon will trigger and reboot if we access the device file manually.

# cat /dev/watchdog
[ 7639.726211] watchdog watchdog0: watchdog did not stop!

To manually stop watchdog to reboot.

# echo V > /dev/watchdog

Install Watchdog daemon

To install watchdog daemon

sudo apt-get install watchdog

Create dir for watchdog logs files

sudo mkdir -p /var/log/watchdog

Watchdog demon configuration files

You need to edit the /etc/watchdog.conf file to un-comment and so actually use the /dev/watchdog device access to the module. Otherwise the watchdog will not use the hardware and rely only on its internal code to soft-reboot a broken machine.

$ cat /etc/watchdog.conf
#ping                   =
#ping                   =
#interface              = eth0
#file                   = /var/log/messages
#change                 = 1407

# Uncomment to enable test. Setting one of these values to '0' disables it.
# These values will hopefully never reboot your machine during normal use
# (if your machine is really hung, the loadavg will go much higher than 25)
#max-load-1             = 24
#max-load-5             = 18
#max-load-15            = 12

# Note that this is the number of pages!
# To get the real size, check how large the pagesize is on your machine.
#min-memory             = 1

#repair-binary          = /usr/sbin/repair
#repair-timeout         =
#test-binary            =
#test-timeout           =

watchdog-device = /dev/watchdog

# Defaults compiled into the binary
#temperature-device     =
#max-temperature        = 120

# Defaults compiled into the binary
admin                   = root
interval                = 1
logtick                = 1
log-dir         = /var/log/watchdog

# This greatly decreases the chance that watchdog won't be scheduled before
# your machine is really loaded
realtime                = yes
priority                = 1

# Check if rsyslogd is still running by enabling the following line
pidfile         = /var/run/rsyslogd.pid

# set watchdog timer
watchdog-timeout        = 15

For more configuration please follow link below. http://www.sat.dundee.ac.uk/psc/watchdog/watchdog-configure.html

Start Watchdog Service and Verify

root@odroid:~# service watchdog status
 * watchdog is running

Once the watchdog demon is configures then it tries to continuously try to reset the watchdog timer.

Another way to test watchdog device is working under watchdog demon.

root@odroid:~# pkill -9 watchdog
root@odroid:~# [ 2452.972630@0] watchdog watchdog0: watchdog did not stop!

    Welcome to Hardkernel's ODROID-C... (Built at 19:33:00 Dec 8 2014) *
    CPU : AMLogic S805
    MEM : 1024MB (DDR3@792MHz)
    BID : HKC1310001
    S/N : HKC11122F37DF492
    check SD_boot_type:0x1 card_type:0x1
    Loading U-boot...success.
en/c1_watchdog_timer.txt · Last modified: 2015/11/24 12:00 by moon.linux
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